Object Title

Wheellock muzzle-loading sporting gun - Unknown

Wheellock muzzle-loading sporting gun - Unknown


dated 1604

Object Number



From the Norton Hall Collection . Presented by the National Art-Collections Fund, 1942. Formally in the collection of Beriah Botfield (1807 - 1863) at Norton Hall, Northamptonshire. This collection would appear to have been formed in the 1840's. Norton Hall was acquired by Beriah Botfield's grandfather (who died in 1801), Thomas Botfield acquired it from the descendants of Nicholas Breton. Beriah Botfield restored Norton Hall to its former glories. The collection was finally purchased, with the aid of the National Art-Collections Fund, for the nation from Lady Beatrice Thynne on the occasion of her death in 1942. The purchase was negotiated with Lady Weymouth who was acting as attorney for Lord Weymouth (who was away on active service), who was tenant-for-life of the property (the collection had been settled on Lord Weymouth for life).

Physical Description

An octagonal breech with round barrel and long V shaped flutes. It is decorated with punched scroll designs and stars and is stamped on the breech with initials, probably those of the maker. The lock has a wheel casing embossed from the lockplate and is covered with an outer casing, which is of brass. This is engraved with the Arms of Saxony and Wurtemberg. The pan cover is unusual in that it moves in an arc. The stock has a cheek piece and is inlaid with stag-horn panels engraved with birds and bunches of fruit. There is a horse on the cheek-piece and at the base of the ramrod groove is a figure of a man in 17th century dress. The butt-trap cover is stag-horn and is in the form of a monster. The butt-plate is also stag-horn and is engraved with the Arms of the Archmarshallship of the Empire of Saxony. The gun has a hair-trigger fitted.





BarrelLength34.7 in.
BarrelLength881 mm
OverallWeight3.97 kg
OverallWeight8.75 lb


Serial Number None visible


.620 in (20 bore)

Inscriptions and Marks

coat of arms
Arms of Saxony and Würtemberg
coat of arms
Arms of the Archmarshalship of the Empire
Maker's mark
Barrel-forger's mark - ?
Underside of barrel
Maker's name and date
H, almost obliterated S, 1604
In the barrel I and an almost obliterated S, with faint date of 1604