Object Title

Crinet

Crinet

Date

1540-1550

Object Number

VI.69

Provenance

Probably transferred from the Royal Palace at Greenwich, 1649

Physical Description

Composed of nine lames prominently embossed at the apex to simulate vertebrae, the main surface each side decorated with two horizontal bands of scale ornament in low relief, the bands separated by narrow double sunken borders decorated with engraved patterns, that on each lame being slightly different in design. The embossed curved edge of each scale has a wide border shaded with engraved parallel lines and filled with similar decoration, flanked each side by a slim plain border with external cusped edges. The rear edge of the 9th lame has an inward turn over wire, each rear corner pierced with a hole, presumably for a lining rivet, with two additional holes in the centre of the rear border and, between these, a larger circular hole and another close by through a scale of the main plate. The 2nd to 9th lames each has a domed lining rivet in the outermost border each side, and all but the 9th has another, slightly inset, towards the rear of each lame. The 1st lame, however, has instead three rivets each side in a line. The rivet on the right side of the 6th lame and both sides of the 8th lame is missing; additionally, the left rivet of the 6th lame has a small hole beside it. The 1st lame has a pierced stud for a poll-plate, with three flush rivets around it; it is secured internally through a thick piece of oval leather and with an oval washer. This lame also has a pair of small circular holes each side between the leathers near the front edge. The lames are secured internally on modern leathers each side and centrally, each leather being in three sections, the frontal one attaching to 4 lames, the middle 3 and the rear 4. The first lame may have been cut along its front edge. The 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 9th lames have repair plates secured under all the leathers on their front edges. The 7th lame has a similar repair plate between the left and centre leather, secured by 2 rivets. The 8th lame has a similar repair plate under the left leather. The 3rd and 4th lames also have a repair plate each on their rear edge to the right of the central leather, secured by three rivets; the 6th lame has similar, with two rivets. The 1st lame has a repair plate to the left front edge and a large rectangular repair plate running from front to rear close to the left side of the central leather, originally with 7 rivets, of which 4 remain, that on the rear with a square washer. There are wedge-shaped construction marks cut in the front edge of each lame, 1-9, and also on the outer right edge of each lame, those on the 3rd, 4th and 6th lames being still visible.

Dimensions

1st lameWidth190mm
9th lameWidth327mm

Inscriptions and Marks

None

Bibliographic References

J.G. Mann, Exhibition of Armour made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich, H.M. Tower of London, 22 May-29 September, 1951. Cat No.4a

G Rimer, T Richardson and J P D Cooper, Henry VIII: arms and the man, Leeds, 2009,

Notes

A helmet, formerly preserved in Lullingstone Church, Kent, and a gauntlet formerly in the collection of Lord Astor at Hever Castle (see III.1788), both of Greenwich make, have similar decoration and appear to form part of the armour to which this crinet belongs. RC2: Permission to lend required from the sovereign.