Object Title

Gun and carriage

Gun and carriage

Date

1638

Object Number

XIX.24

Provenance

Old Tower Collection

Physical Description

Made for Prince Charles, later Charles II. The badge of the Prince of Wales together with the initials C.P. are in relief on the second reinforce, the first reinforce being inscribed IOHN BROWNE MADE THIS PEECE 1638; below is the weight 0-1-21.


_ Carriage
With the exception of XIX.28 which was apparently not considered worth mounting each gun is mounted on a mid 19th-century wooden truck carriage probably made to replace the original ship-type carriage destroyed in the 1841 fire. There are only two wheels, the rear being supported on blocks. The cheeks or sides of the carriage are ornamented with the badge of the Prince of Wales and the initials C.P. (Caroulus Princeps) applied in relief

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 29.5 in (74.9 cm) Weight: 49 lb (22.2 kg)

Calibre

1.30 in (3.3 cm)

Associations

Places England

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, p.65.

Notes

Half a battery of ten similar guns made for Prince Charles, later Charles II; five by John Browne in 1638 (Nos 24-28) and five by Thomas Pitt in 1639 (Nos 29-33).
The 1750 Guide described them as:
'A small Train of ten Pieces of pretty little Cannon, neatly mounted on proper Carriages, being a Present from the Foundry of London to King Charles I when a Child, to practise the Art of Gunnery with.'
During the 1841 fire all the original carriages appear to have been destroyed.


'John Brown'
Son of Thomas Browne and father of John II and George. In 1614 granted a monopoly of casting brass and iron guns for the Navy. Appointed Royal Gunfounder in 1618. During the Civil War he was compelled by force of circumstances to become gunfounder to Parliament. Buried in St. Margaret's Church Horsemonden, Kent.