Object Title

Sword and scabbard

Sword and scabbard



Object Number



First accessioned when found un-numbered in Mortar Room (White Tower), Bay 6, November/December 1983.

Physical Description

General Type Description: The brass hilt consists of a flattened basket guard pierced with a series of triangles round the base of the blade and with three crescents where the guard curves upwards to form a knuckle-guard. The end of the knuckle-guard nearer the pommel is pierced for a sword knot; there is a small down-turned quillon at the rear of the basket. The brass backpiece is made in one with the beaked pommel and the wooden grip is covered with dark brown leather which has raised ribs formed either by grooves carved in the wood or by string wound round it. There is a brass ferrule at the end nearer the blade.

Long, almost straight, single-edged blade with a broad, shallow fuller on each face, and terminating in a hatchet point. The buff-piece is lacking (only mentioned below if present).

Brass scabbard with suspension hook on the outside and a separate mouthpiece secured by two iron screws. The screws can be of ferrous metal (only mentioned below when not so) or brass, though some are clearly later replacements. The mouthpiece top is sometimes curved or slightly curved to
mate with the curved face of the guard.

Variations, losses, damage etc: inside of guard very slightly bent up and quillon consequently out of true; plain wooden grip lacking string binding and leather covering; ferrule is a little loose; blade has patches of corrosion with an espcially bad one on inside, half way up; scabbard has a few minor dents and is slightly compressed in area of frog hook (from display mounting); mouthpiece top is slightly curved.


Dimensions: Sword: overall length, approx.: 1010 mm (39.8 in), blade length, along back: 890 mm (35.0 in), blade width, by hilt: 36 mm (1.4 in), Scabbard: length: 908 mm (35.5 in) Weight: Sword: 1165 gm (2 lb 10 oz), Scabbard: 965 gm (2 lb 10 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, on outside, near hilt, stamped: crown over 4.On blade, on back, by hilt, stamped: DAWES.


Places Britain


For this pattern generally and for other examples in the Royal Armouries, see entry for IX.256, under Notes. It is unlikely that many of the swords of this pattern in the Royal Armouries are now with their original scabbards: this has not normally been noted unless the fit is especially good or especially bad.
For the maker Dawes, see entry for IX.250, under Notes.