Object Title

Flintlock muzzle-loading military musket - Duke of Richmond's Musket

Flintlock muzzle-loading military musket - Duke of Richmond's Musket



Object Number



Old Tower Collection

Physical Description

Nock's enclosed lock with blued iron outer plate engraved H NOCK and stamped with small crowned broad arrow. Plate is flat with bevelled edge and has a slightly raised pan. Plate measures 5.5 in x 1.1 in
Stocked to 3.25 in of the muzzle, the barrel fitted with a break-off breech and retained by three thick pins and the upper sling loop screw. Rounded fore-end cap, four heavy brass rod pipes, the upper three slightly trumpet, the tailpipe of large diameter with retaining spring inside. Heavy button-head rod. One lockscrew with circular cup. Plain brass trigger guard with rounded finials, held by pin at front and one screw at rear. Buttplate has rounded plain tang


BarrelLength1069 mm
OverallLength1473 mm


Serial Number None visible


.73 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Barrel marked: crown, crown GR broad arrow, crowned I, crown over crossed sceptres, B.T.P Sideplate flat of stock stamped 10 and T


Places Britain


An order for 10,000 of these muskets, placed December 26th 1792 was not completed until 1797.
Henry Nock
New pattern lock rejected by Ordnance 1770. Gunlock smith, Mount Pleasant 1772. Gunmaker, Castle Alley, Whitechapel v780; 10 Ludgate St, 1784-1804. Factories at Moses & Aaron Alley, 27 Goulston St & 9 Castle Alley, Whitechapel. Shooting Ground at Clowters Gardens behind St. George's Church, Blackfriars Rd. Made set of gauges for Gunmakers Company Proof House, 1781. Free of Gunmakers Co., by redemption 1784. Took Livery, 1795. Elected Assistant 1798. Master 1802. Appointed Gunsmith-in-Ordinary to George III, 1798. In celebration of King's health recovery displayed at Ludgate Hill, 'an Imperial Crown, beautifully ornamented and a very rich illumination of coloured lamps' ('St. James's Chronicle,' 25 April 1789).
Made 7 barrelled rifle and pistol for Prince of Wales 1790-2 (Royal Collection Windsor Nos.154,203). Contractor to Ordnance 1771-1804. East India Co. (and Royal East India Volunteer Regt), 1777-1803. For Ordnance, designed and made 7 barrelled guns, 1780; scewless lock 1786; wall piece 1788; Duke of Ricmond's Musket 1792; Royal Horse Artillery Pistol 1793; Cavalry Carbine and pistol 1796. With William Jover & John Green, granted English patent No. 1095 (Enclosed lock) 1775; on his own No.1598 (Improved breech) 1787.
Age 63, died 1804. Will pr. 1804. Succeeded by James Wilkinson. Recorded in 'A Dictionary of London Gunmakers 1350-1850' by Howard l. Blackmore 1986.