Object Title





Object Number



Old Tower collection.

Physical Description

General Type Description: The blade has a small, leaf-shaped, triangular-sectioned, hollow ground, steel head which is supported on a long conical socket (without langets). The bamboo haft has a buff leather sling secured by a white thong. (After 1883 a leather sleeve or 'protector' was fitted below the sling). The largely conical cast iron shoe begins with a short cylindrical section (without langets) before expanding to form a rounded flange below which it tapers to a rounded point.

Variations, losses, damage, etc: [to include: sling; protector present/absent; D-ring present; pennon present]


Dimensions: Length of head: 317 mm (12.5 in)

Inscriptions and Marks

On shoe, stamped: 12 over RL over 147, and ENFIELD W.D. 58 (CHECK THE LATTER - FROM FFOULKES 1916


Places Britain

Bibliographic References

C ffoulkes, Inventory and survey of the armouries of the Tower of London, London, HMSO, 1916, vol. II, p. 234.


The main publications dealing with this pattern are (photocopies on inv. file):
C J ffoukkes and E C Hopkinson, 'Sword, lance and bayonet...', Cambridge, University Press, 1938, pp. 103-6.
J D Chown, 'The British lance', '[The Canadian Journal of] Arms Collecting', VII, no. 3 (Aug. 1969), pp. 97-102.
I Skennerton, 'British sword and lance patterns' Small Arms Identification Series, no. 6, Ian D. Skennerton, Ashmnore City, Australia, 1994, pp. 35-7.
The main changes to this pattern were as follows (information drawn from the above and from researches by Mrs Bridget Clifford):
'1868 - pattern first introduced - List of Changes, no. 4451 (check), 6 June 1868.
'1883 - leather sleeve ('protector') to be fitted to haft - List of Changes, no. 4451, DATE (ffoulkes, p. 105, note 2).
'1885 - ash staves authorised when bamboo not available (pattern 1885) - List of Changes 4715, 13 May 1885. Declared obsolete 29 September 1887 - List of Changes, no. 5605.
1896 - brass D-ring introduced, secured to the haft with waxed twine - List of Changes 8366, 2 May 1896.
'1898 - the D-ring now to be secured to the haft with copper wire - List of Changes, no. TO BE COMPLETED.
'1906 - The D-ring was discontinued (Chown, p. 101) - List of Changes, no. TO BE COMPLETED
A new pattern was inrtroduced in 1984 - List of Changes, no. 7666, 11 July & 23 August 1894 (see under VII.COMPL.), but it was not universally adopted and the 1868 pattern continued in use.