Object Title

24 pr gun - Systeme Valliere

24 pr gun - Systeme Valliere

Date

1748

Object Number

XIX.53

Provenance

The Inventory of 1916 states that this is one of the trophy guns from Cherbourg, like No. 53 and of 132, 133. It does not, however, figure in the list of these given in Carnan's 'An Historical Description of the Tower of London' (1771 and 1784 editions), and may in fact have a different provenance.

Physical Description

The gun is embellished in low relief at the muzzle with a band of acanthus foliage and on the chase with first, a scroll with the name of the piece 'LE TEMERAIRE' then, below, the motto ULTIMA RATIO REGUM (the last argument of kings) and, below again, the name of the Grand Maitre de l'Artillerie LOUIS CHARLES DE BOURBON COMTE D'EU DUC D'AUMALE above his shield of arms with two cannon below. The dolphins are of naturalistic form. The chase also bears the royal arms of France surmounted by the sun in splendour and the Motto NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR (nor unequal to the many). The base-ring is inscribed FONDV. A .DOUAI. LE 15 MARS.1748. PAR. JEAN.MARITZ. The cascabel is formed as a grotesque mask with a club issuing from the mouth to form the button. The vent is provided with a shallow elongated trough for priming powder. The left trunnion is incised P over 5680, this being the weight, and the right No.7.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Height: 3560 mm; max diameter: 670 mm Weight: 54 cwt 2 qtr 25 lb (2779.9 kg)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 7

Calibre

24 pr

Inscriptions and Marks

Left trunnion: P over 5680 Right trunnion: 7

Associations

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, p.120.

Notes

'Jean Maritz' (1711-1790).
Swiss by birth and the son of a famous founder of the same name, was director of the foundry at Strasbourg and later of that at Douai. In 1755 he was given the post of Inspector General of Gunfounderies for land and sea. In 1758 he was ennobled and made a member of the Order of 'Saint Michel'. (Nouvelle Biographie Generale, Paris, 1863) Louis Charles de Bourbon, Comte d'Eu, 1701-1775 was son of the Duc du Maine, and succeeded his father as Grand Maitre de l'Artillerie. General Jean Florent de Valliere (1667-1759) was Inspector General of Schools of Artillery. His reorganisation of the French Artillery was authorised in 1732.
Another gun of the same series and also by Maritz is in the Museum of Artillery, Woolwich, No.II. 105.