Object Title

8.7 in cannon perrier

8.7 in cannon perrier

Date

1627

Object Number

XIX.92

Provenance

Captured together with No.XIX.93 in the Bocca Tigris Forts on the Chu-Kiang or Canton River by the forces under the command of Commodore Sir J.J. Gordon Bremer in February 1841. Brought from China in 1842, together with Nos.XIX.23 (qv), XIX.93 and89 and placed in the Tower (W.O. 44/524).

Physical Description

The gun is of large calibre and contains a chambered bore. The name of the piece, S.TILAFOCO (probably St. Ildefonso), is engraved at the muzzle. The first reinforce bears in relief the arms of Portugal with, below, the cross of the Order of Christ surrounded by the inscription DA CIDADE DO NOME DE DEOS DA CHINA (of the city of the name of the God of China, ie, Macao). Below again, by the first reinforce astragal, is a scroll bearing the name of the founder and the date MANOEL TAVARES BOCARRO AFES A 1627. The gun has dolphins and the cascabel button is formed as the head of a hound. The number XXX is incised on the face of the muzzle.
The gun fired a stone shot weighing about 30lb

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 3099 mm (10 ft 2 in / 122 in.), Overall length: 3404 mm (11 ft 2 in / 134 in.) Weight: 71 cwt 12 lb (3612.4 kg)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number XXX

Calibre

8.7 in (22 cm)

Associations

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, p.141.

Notes

The gun founding industry in Macao was established in 1623 by Dom Francisco de Mascarenhas, the first Captain General of the colony. In order to teach the Chinese craftsmen the art, Portuguese experts were sent from Goa under the charge of Manuel Tavares Bocarro (cf.No.91). Like his father he also produced bells and one dated 1633 is in the church of St. Lawrence, Macao. He remained to be promoted Captain General himself from 1657 to 1664 and see Macao become the most important gunfounding centre in the Far East. In 1641 200 cannon were sent to Lisbon as a presnt for King John IV. Few examples survive of the many splendid pieces produced by the Chinese gun founders. Nos. 92 and 93 are good examples which, although they are of European form and character, have ertain small features clearly indicating their Chinese origin.