Object Title

Flintlock muzzle-loading musket - Pattern 1759 Militia New Musket, pattern sample

Flintlock muzzle-loading musket - Pattern 1759 Militia New Musket, pattern sample

Date

1762

Object Number

XII.85

Provenance

Old Tower Collection

Physical Description

The lockplate is slightly rounded with a pointed rear. Rounded pan with bridle, and rounded finial to steel spring. Rounded swan-neck cock with narrow comb which is curved on rear edge in profile only. Stamped across the tail FARMER 1762, and ahead of cock, crowned G.R and small crowned Broad Arrow. Border lines either stamped or heavily engraved.
Stocked to 4.5 in of the muzzle, the barrel retained by three pins and the upper sling loop screw. Bayonet stud acts as foresight. Brass stock tip. Four brass rod pipes, the upper one a trumpet 4 inches long. These heavier pipes and the trumpet-mouth came in with the conversion from wooden to iron ramrods. The trigger guard is standard Land Pattern. The side plate is Land Pattern in profile, but flat and flush with the wood. There is no escutcheon on the small. The buttplate is similar to the Land Pattern, but has a shorter tang which is secured by a screw. The stock carving is unchanged. The above changes constitute the salient features of this pattern of musket, along with the shorter barrel length. Sideplate flat stamped IR, and later storekeeper's stamps.
The full round barrel has standard baluster turning and is stamped with Government proofmarks. The top is engraved MILITIA NEW PATTERN

Dimensions

BarrelLength42inches
BarrelLength1067mm
OverallLength58inches
OverallLength1473mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number none

Calibre

.78 in

Associations

Notes

This cheaper quality musket was introduced as the result of the raising of the Militia under the terms of the Militia Act 1757. At the time this arm was put into the hands of the militia, the Line Infantry were using Long Land Patten muskets. The arm which came later to the infantry, the Short Land Musket, was only in the hands of the dragoons as their standard arm. Therefore, although these three patterns were in use concurrently they were not, at least on paper being issued to the same branches of the service. The Marine & Militia Musket is a separate pattern of arm authorised for a particular purpose, and should not be classified as a variation of the Short Land Pattern, which did not come until general issue with the Line Infantry until after 1775.