Object Title

9 pr gun

9 pr gun

Date

1636

Object Number

XIX.237

Provenance

Recovered from the mouth of the Thames in Sea Reach, 1961 and presented by the Port of London Authority. The fact that the weight is incised in the English manner makes it probable that the gun was a captured piece later mounted in an English vessel which foundered.

Physical Description

The piece is cast with dolphins. The chase bears a crowned initial L (for Louis XIII) in relief, and on the first reinforce, also in relief, are two shields-of-arms of France and Navarre respectively surrounded by the collars of the Orders of the Saint Esprit and of Saint Michel and surmounted by a crown, the date 1636 and the name CARDINAL DE RICHELIEU divided by an anchor. Below is incised the weight 23-3-0. The base ring is inscribed in relief IOHANNES DE GVINDERTAL ME FECIT AV HAVRE DE GRACE. The vent is flanked by two lugs for a hinged cover, but these have never been drilled for the attachments

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 108 in (274.3 cm) Weight: 23 cwt 3 qtr (1206.5 kg)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number nvn

Calibre

4.3 in (11 cm)

Associations

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, p.115.

Notes

'Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal, Duc de Richelieu'
1585-1642, the greatest French statesman of the 17th century was largely responsible for the reorganisation of the French Navy, of which he was 'Grand-Maitre' 1626-42, and the establishment of a cannon foundry at Le Havre in 1626. No.XIX.237, a 'cannon de 8 livres', is a rare example of the first French regulation series of naval cannon, the sizes and decoration being decreed by Richelieu. Another example, a 'cannon de 12' of the same date and by the same maker is in the Musee de l'Armee, Paris (No. N342).
The founder 'Guindertal' or Gindertal may have been a descendant of the family of Flemish armourers of that name who flourished as early as the 15th century.