Object Title

3 pr gun

3 pr gun

Date

1694

Object Number

XIX.173

Provenance

Transferred in 1930 from the Rotunda Museum, Woolwich where it was No.II.27.

Physical Description

The second reinforce bears in relief the monogram of William and Mary, WMR below which is the number 13521. Incised on the first reinforce are the inscriptions GULIELMUS ET MARIA MAG BRIT FRAN ET HIB REX ET REGINA ANNO REGNI SEXTO and HENRICUS DNs VICECOMES SYDNEY DE SHEPEY BARO DE MILTON REI TOR MENTARIAE PRAEFECTUS GENERALIS BY PHILP WIGHTMAN. The base ring has been incised with the weight, of only the numbers 2-27 are still legible; the cascabel is incised with a Broad Arrow.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 78 in (198.1 cm), Overall length: 85 in (215.9 cm) Weight: 8 cwt 2 qtr 27 lb (444 kg)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number None visible

Calibre

3.25 in _ (8.2 cm)

Associations

Places England

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, p.68.

Notes

Henry Sydney, a firm supporter of William of Orange, was created Viscount Sydney of Sheppey and Baron Milton in 1689. He became Master General of the Ordnance in 1693 and received the title of Earl of Romney in 1694 (cf.No.35,36). The number 13521 is that given in the c.1698 Inventory (App.1) where the gun's weight is given as 8cwt 2qtr 27lb. No.44 may be one of a number of '3pdrs of 6ft 1.25in' with a total weight of 8 ton 15cwt 3qtr 27lb for which Wightman charged the Ordnance £290. 7s. 8.25d in 1694 (W.O.51/49, F.177V). In the same year John Gifford the engraver was paid for engraving 3pdrs with 'Their Mats Cypher Crowne and Inscription Wth Ye Inscription of Ye Rt honble Ye Mats ordnance' (op. cit. f.35).
'Philip Wightman'
Probably son of William Wightman who he joined at the Moorfields foundry in 1685. Philip was Brass Founder of the Ordnance and in business on his own from 1693 to his death in 1702 (see Introduction, p1). Cf.No.131.