Object Title

Flintlock and matcklock muzzle-loading combination musket - Probably by George Fisher the Elder

Flintlock and matcklock muzzle-loading combination musket - Probably by George Fisher the Elder

Date

about 1680

Object Number

XII.76

Provenance

Old Tower Collection

Physical Description

The lockplate is flat with a bevelled edge and measures 8.5 in x 1.75 in, and is unmarked. It appears to have had a more conventional form of pan, which has been removed for the present construction. There is now a very shallow, almost flat, circular pan without a bridle. The steel spring is reversed in position beneath the pan, and the top of the steel is rounded. The steel has a cover on its pan-cover part, hinged at the front to swing aside revealing the pan cavity beneath, for the match to drop into. A rounded serpentine with thumbscrew (missing) for tension on match, hinged at front of plate. The flint cock is flat, with a notch cut at the rear to engage the catch which is screwed to the plate in rear of the cock. The lock may date well after the remainder of the gun.
Stocked to the muzzle, the barrel retained by two pins. Sheet iron fore-end cap missing. Sheet-iron reinforce band 1 in. wide let in 4 in. from muzzle, acts as upper rod pipe. No other pipes. Fore-end shaped with decided V-shape in cross-section. No sideplate, strap-iron trigger guard missing. Barrel tang screw enters from underneath. Clubbed butt with flat iron buttplate held by square-headed nails. Well curved slightly curled trigger.
The barrel is octagon for 8.5 in. from the breech, then 16-sided, deeply baluster turned, and round. A notched block backsight is brazed on the breech of the barrel, and a foresight bead screwed in 1.75 in. from the muzzle. It is possible that the barrel has been shortened

Techniques

Handmade

Materials

Dimensions

BarrelLength37.6in.
BarrelLength955mm
OverallLength53in.
OverallLength1345mm
OverallWeight5.35kg
OverallWeight11.8lb oz

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number nvn

Calibre

0.79 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Royal Cypher
Crowned C.R and a Crowned rose, and on the left flat with a sitting bird over initials G.F ( probably George Fisher the elder, Master Gunmaker and Furbisher at the Tower, died ca. 1665-HLB )
Top flat of the breech
Stamped
Maker
Sitting bird over initials G.F ( probably George Fisher the elder, Master Gunmaker and Furbisher at the Tower, died ca. 1665-HLB )
Left flat
Stamped

Associations

Notes

George Fisher
Apprentice to John Norcott, 1623; free of Armouries from 1632. Named on Gunmakers Co. Charter 1638. Gunmaker to Prince Charles, recommended for post of Deputy Keeper of the Small Guns in Tower of London 1641. Described as Furbisher to the Ordnance 1654. Appointed Gunmaker to Charles II, 1661. Contractor to Ordnance, from 1640, included wheellock pistols and carbines (1640), snaphance muskets for the Battle Axe Guard of Ireland (1662). Resigned Office of Furbisher to son, George 1664 (d. 1665). Jonadab Holloway appointed Master Gunmaker in Tower in his place 1666. Ordnance contracts continued by widow, Margaret.