Object Title

Flintlock muzzle-loading military musket - James II type

Flintlock muzzle-loading military musket - James II type



Object Number



Formerly Class XII.80 (Dillon, 1909-1916), formerly Class XII.404 (handwritten list, 1890?-1909, an interim renumbering system that is only recorded in a handwritten list), formerly Class XII.420 (Hewitt, 1857-1909)

Physical Description

Barrel octagonal at the breech altering to polygonal then round, the foresight missing. Lock with flat lockplate and flat ring-necked cock. A dog-catch is fitted. The lockplate is engraved with the cypher of James II and the cock with a monster. A mark is stamped on the inner side of the lockplate.
Stock with brass heel-plate, two brass ramrod pipes and steel trigger-guard. The butt is stamped with a mark and a small letter P and the base of the fore-end with a modern War Department stamp.
The ramrod with steel worm is possibly original


Dimensions: Overall length: 61.75 in (1570 mm), Barrel length: 48.504 in (1232 mm), Weight: 10 lb 11 oz (4.848kg)


Serial Number nvn


.775 in (10 bore)

Inscriptions and Marks

Several nearly obliterated marks are stamped at the breech together with a barrel-forger's mark on the underside, an unusual feature being that the latter is repeated at the muzzle


Places England

Bibliographic References

John Hewitt, Official Catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1859: p.81

Sir Sibald D. Scott, The British Army, Vol.2, London and New York, 1868, p.293

C ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1916, vol.II, p.341


It is stated in the Inventory of 1915 on the authority of 18th century Tower guide books that the dog-lock muskets Nos. 69-75 were taken at Bath in 1715. A Jacobite rising to be headed by James, Duke of Ormonde was planned for October 1715 and military stores for the purpose were captured by government forces at Bath.
There is no positive proof, however, that these particular muskets are the ones referred to.