Object Title

Flintlock muzzle-loading musket - James II type

Flintlock muzzle-loading musket - James II type

Date

about 1685-1689

Object Number

XII.69

Provenance

Formerly Class XII.80 (Dillon, 1909-1916), formerly Class XII.404 (handwritten list, 1890?-1909, an interim renumbering system that is only recorded in a handwritten list), formerly Class XII.420 (Hewitt, 1857-1909).

Physical Description

Barrel octagonal at the breech altering to polygonal then round, the foresight missing. Lock with flat lockplate and flat ring-necked cock. A dog-catch is fitted. Several nearly obliterated marks are stamped at the breech together with a barrel-forger’s mark on the underside, an unusual feature being that the latter is repeated at the muzzle. The lockplate is engraved with the cypher of James II and the cock with a monster. A mark is stamped on the inner side of the lockplate. Stock with brass heel-plate, two brass ramrod pipes and steel trigger-guard. The ramrod with steel worm is possibly original.

Techniques

Engraved

Materials

Dimensions

BarrelLength48.5 in.
BarrelLength1232 mm
OverallLength61.8 in.
OverallLength1570 mm
OverallWeight4.59 kg
OverallWeight10.11 lb

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number None Visible

Calibre

.775 in (10 bore)

Inscriptions and Marks

Barrel forger's mark
?
Underside
Stamped
Royal Cypher
Crown over JR
Lockplate
Engraved
Ordnance proof mark
Crown over broad arrow
Base of the fore-end
Stamped
Marks
Several nearly obliterated marks
Breech
Stamped
Inscription
p
Butt
Stamped

Associations

Bibliographic References

John Hewitt, Official Catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1859: p.81

Sir Sibald D. Scott, The British Army, Vol.2, London and New York, 1868, p.293

C ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, London, 1916, vol.II, p.341

Notes

It is stated in the Inventory of 1915 on the authority of 18th century Tower guide books that the dog-lock muskets Nos. 69-75 were taken at Bath in 1715. A Jacobite rising to be headed by James, Duke of Ormonde was planned for October 1715 and military stores for the purpose were captured by government forces at Bath.
There is no positive proof, however, that these particular muskets are the ones referred to.