Object Title

Cannon

Cannon

Date

1594

Object Number

XIX.91

Provenance

Found at Hyderabad in 1843 and presented in 1856 by the Hon East India Company together with Nos.212, 213, 220 (W.O. 44/724).

Physical Description

Instead of dolphins, the first four loops and rings for lifting, two on the chase and two, formerly, on the first reinforce, but one of the latter is now missing. The chased decoration shows the figures of the Virgin Mary, St Peter and St. Paul; the Virgin holds a spear with a pennon charged with three stars. Below these figures is the inscription DA CIDADE CHAVL (of the city of Chaul), and by the second reinforce ring is the name of the founder Po DIAS BOCARO ME FES (Pedro Dias Bocarro made me). The first reinforce bears the date AD 1594, and the base ring is incised 8 No.2-10. The first reinforce astragal bears traces of an inscription now illegible

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length: 12 ft 9 in (153 in) (388.6 cm), Overall length: 13 ft 4 in (160 in) (406.4 cm) Weight: 44 cwt 14 lb (2241.6 kg)

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number nvn

Calibre

7.2 in (18.3 cm)

Associations

Bibliographic References

H.L.Blackmore, The Armouries of the Tower of London, Ordnance Catalogue, H.M.S.O. London 1976, p.140.

Notes

'Bocarro'
The family of 'Bacarro' was a dynasty of founders which began in Portuguese India in the last quarter of the 16th century. The eldest member was Francisco Dias Bocarro, mentioned in 1587. He was succeeded by his son Pedro Dias and the grandson Manuel Tavares. The last Bocarro, Jeronymo Tavares, was named a ''mestre da fundicao de artilharia do estado da India'' in 1674. The family aslo made bells. At Ternate, Molucca Islands, there is a bell by another member Pedro Tavares dated 1603. Another in St. Peter's, Malacca, is dated 1608. The main Portuguese gun foundry in India was at Goa and was for many years under the supervision of Pedro Dias.


The town and port of Chaul is on the west coast of India, north of Goa and south of Bombay. It was a Portuguese possession by 1524 in which year it was visited by Vasco da Gama on the occasion of his assumption of the title of Viceroy of India. In 1570-1 the town was sufficiently fortified to withstand a siege by the forces of the Shah of Ahmadnagur (see H.E.J. Stanley, 'The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama' (London,1869) and 'Cambridge History of India'.
One of his cannon, made at Goa and dated 1623, is in the Museu Militar, Lisbon (No. R.13). (Manuel Teixeira, 'Os Bocarros', 'Actas do Congresso Internacional de Historia des Descobrimentos, V, Pt. 11,pp.359-84).