Object Title

Field Howitzer - 10.5 cm QF (quick-firing) German Light Field Howitzer 16

Field Howitzer - 10.5 cm QF (quick-firing) German Light Field Howitzer 16



Object Number



Captured by Canadian forces during WWI.

Physical Description

A 1916 artillery reveiw found the Germans requiring an increase in range and effect. This gun, introduced in 1918 met that need. Previously, for increased range, a gun crew faced the onerous task of digging a hole under the carriage trail and lowering it into the ground. Another way is to use a longer barrel but this upsets its balance. Rheinmetall solved this by moving the trunnions on which the barrel pivots back towards the breech and introduced new elevating gear. This brought a range improvement of almost 3,500 metres (3815 yards) over the old standard light howitzer.
Rate of fire is 4-5 rounds per minute.
Crew of 6.




105 mm (4.1 in.)



One lesson soon learned by the field artillery during WW1 was the limited use of the pre-war flat trajectory gun firing shrapnel shell. By 1918 Germany had developed a special field gun, which possessed the usual ability to fire a projectile on a flat trajectory like a normal field gun, but was capable also of high angle fire. The Rheinmetall Company achieved this radical change in design by moving the trunnions (pivots) of the gun to the rear of the barrel. This was to allow high angles of elevation so that the gun could fire as a howitzer. The drawback was that the barrel was no longer balanced. This was corrected by the action of powerful springs below the barrel to enable the elevating gear to work. This design was influential on subsequent gun-howitzer developments.