Object Title

Sword (talwar) and scabbard

Sword (talwar) and scabbard



Object Number


Physical Description

Steel hilt overlaid with gold, wooden scabbard covered with embroidered green velvet, steel mounts overlaid with gold. Blade with Persian couplet in motqareb metre, 'cho in gowharin teghe misaketand/Pey-e abash almase bogdakhetand' (When they made ithis jewel like blade/for the sake of its watering they melted down diamonds).


Dimensions: length: overall 94.5 cm (37.2 in), Blade length: 81 cm (31.8 in), Scabbard length: 82.5 cm (32.5 in), Weight: Sword 1585 g (3 lb 7.75 oz), Scabbard 450 g (15.75 oz)


Bibliographic References

S Stronge (ed.) The arts of the Sikh Kingdoms, London, V&A Publications, 1999: 225, no. 136.


Reading and translation by Melikian Chirvani in Stronge 1999. He points out that the verses play on the double meanings of 'gowhar', pure metal and gem, and ab gowhar, water (of a diamond) and watering (of steel).