Object Title

Sword - European, abourt 1400

Sword - European, abourt 1400

Date

1380-1420

Object Number

IX.2794

Provenance

Purchased from D. Oliver, 20th February 1986. Excavated from the River Thames at Bull Wharf

Physical Description

Hilt consists of heavy iron wheel pommel of Oakeshott type J. End of tang without washer (missing) is burred over. Surrounding surface area indented and decorated with two incised lines running transversely either side. Prominently raised boss on both sides with circular recess at centre. Tang of flattened rectangular section widening slightly towards the blade. Traces of wooded grip remain on one side of tang. On the other side is a small steel wedge between tang and cross-guard. Cross-guard with cusped centre and quillons of rectangular section flattening towards slightly pointed ends, which incline sharply towards the blade.

Broad, straight, double-edged blade tapering to tip with broad, central fuller running for 406 mm (16 in) from guard (both sides). Short ricasso 38 mm (1.5 in) decorated with two outer parallel lines of copper alloy, running for 406 mm (16 in) from guard, joining, with slight curve, two inner lines running either side for full length of fuller (both sides).

Sword covered with black patination and edges of blade slightly pitted.

Featured in

Hundred Years War

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 860 mm (33.5 in), length of blade: 780 mm (28 in)

Inscriptions and Marks

Stamped, 165 mm (6.5 in) from guard on one side and 178 mm (7 in) on the other, is a mark resembling an eight toothed cog wheel, or star, followed by 'P' (sketch in IBE).

Associations

Places Europe

Bibliographic References

an Italian private collection (ill. p.13, (fig. 8).

J Cowgill, M de Neergaard and N Griffiths, Knives and scabbards (Medieval finds from excavations in London: 1), London, HMSO, 1987, p. 20 (mention, re mark on blade).

Oakeshott, Ewart Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991, p.201: c.1340-50, blade type XIX, pommel type J (recessed), cross style 12.