Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1631-1670

Object Number

IX.1388

Provenance

Ex Dr Richard Williams collection (from Typed Inventory)

Physical Description

Iron hilt, of the so-called proto-mortuary type. Spherical pommel, with button, decorated with simple chevrons. The three knuckle-guards have at their bases curved, solid shells with scalloped edges, decorated with simple chevrons, like the pommel. A pair of scroll-gurards join the main knuckle-guards to the shells at the base of the side knuckle-guards. The broad rear quillon is curved towards the blade. Ivory grip spiraly grooved and bound with copper-alloy wire twist.


Single-edged blade with short ricasso. One fuller by the back extends from the hilt, a second fuller rises a short distance from the hilt and a third fuller on the forward side extends only the length of the ricasso. Stamped on both sides, ME FECIT HOUNSLO (?).

Dimensions

BladeLength880 mm
SwordOverall length1044 mm
SwordWeight1135 g

Inscriptions and Marks

Unknown
An arrow (?)
On blade, once each side.
makers legend
ME FECIT HOUNSLO (?).
On both sides of the blade

Bibliographic References

D. Blackmore, Arms and Armour of the English Civil Wars, London, 1990, p. 28, fig. 36 (hilt and part of blade).

Royal Armouries, Civil War: a Royal Armouries exhibition sponsored by the Times, Royal Armouries, London, 1992, p. 21, left col. illus., right; p. 32, no. 44 - 'English, Hounslow, mid-17th century [and provavnace]'.

C Mazansky, British basket-hilted swords. A typology of basket-type sword hilts, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2005, p. 276, type VBib, pommel 'Mortuary' type VIII (illus.): 'c.1650'.

Notes

There are a number of swords with similar hilts. These include: a sword published by W B Redfern, ' On a Cromwellian sword', 'Connopisseur', 60, no. 238, June 1921, pp. 99-100; York Castle Museum, Timperley no. 45 (RA photo A3 1905(17a)); Wallis and Wallis sale, 25 May 1983 (Sale 284), lot 1373 (illus. in cat., Pl. 14) - photocopies on inv. file.