Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1631-1670

Object Number

IX.1388

Provenance

Ex Dr Richard Williams collection (from Typed Inventory)

Physical Description

Iron hilt, of the so-called proto-mortuary type. Spherical pommel, with button, decorated with simple chevrons. The three knuckle-guards have at their bases curved, solid shells with scalloped edges, decorated with simple chevrons, like the pommel. A pair of scroll-gurards join the main knuckle-guards to the shells at the base of the side knuckle-guards. The broad rear quillon is curved towards the blade. Ivory grip spiraly grooved and bound with wire twist.


Single-edged blade with shoret ricasso. One fuller by the back extends from the hilt, a second fuller rises a short distance from the hilt and a third fuller on the forward side extends only the length of the ricasso. Stamped on both sides, [POSITION on blade] ME FECIT HOUNSLO (?).

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1044 mm (40.4 in.), Blade length: 880 mm (34.6 in.) Weight: 1135g (2 lb 9 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, once each side: an arrow (?).

Bibliographic References

D. Blackmore, Arms and Armour of the English Civil Wars, London, 1990, p. 28, fig. 36 (hilt and part of blade).

Royal Armouries, Civil War: a Royal Armouries exhibition sponsored by the Times, Royal Armouries, London, 1992, p. 21, left col. illus., right; p. 32, no. 44 - 'English, Hounslow, mid-17th century [and provavnace]'.

C Mazansky, British basket-hilted swords. A typology of basket-type sword hilts, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 2005, p. 276, type VBib, pommel 'Mortuary' type VIII (illus.): 'c.1650'.

Notes

There are a number of swords with similar hilts which may have been an early munition pattern. These include: a sword published by W B Redfern, ' On a Cromwellian sword', 'Connopisseur', 60, no. 238, June 1921, pp. 99-100; York Castle Museum, Timperley no. 45 (RA photo A3 1905(17a)); Wallis and Wallis sale, 25 May 1983 (Sale 284), lot 1373 (illus. in cat., Pl. 14) - photocopies on inv. file.