Object Title

Sword - 'Pillow' sword

Sword - 'Pillow' sword

Date

1631-1670

Object Number

IX.1374

Provenance

Ex Williams Collection (1974) Ex Fenton Collection (Sotheby's, 16 July 1936, Lot 337

Physical Description

The hilt is made of gilded brass (copper alloy), consisting of an oval pommel with 'flattened' tang-button and short, spatulate, arched quillons, with a single side-guard rivetted on the outside of the hand. The wooden, wire bound, grip, with 'turk's heads' at top and bottom, is associated.

The straight double-edged blade, of lenticular-section, is signed in the short, single, central fuller, at the forte, ''IOHANNES/ KEINDT", flanked by a series of patterns made up of small circles of punched dots.

Techniques

Handmade

Materials

Dimensions

BladeLength780 mm
BladeWidth25 mm
OverallLength940 mm
OverallWeight567 g
HiltWidth96 mm

Inscriptions and Marks

makers name
One face inscribed "IOHANNES", the other "KEINDT" ("John Kennet").
Within fuller on blade

Associations

Notes

Of a type known, without authority, as a 'Pillow sword'.
Several swords by Keindt or Kindt, dated to 1634 and 1635 are known. However the only known documnetary evidence referring to him would appear to be in a letterof April 1634 from Sir William Waller ordering '200 horsemens' swords of Kennet's making of Hounsloe.' There is also a rapier in the Victorisa & Albert Museum bearing both Kindt's name and the (unicorn) stamp of Clemens Horn of Solingen.

Johannes Kindt ('Keindt') was a member of the dynasty of Solingen bladesmiths of Solingen Germany, where he was active between 1600-29. In about1629 he became one of the group of baldemkers who moved to and worked from Housnlow Heath,London, in England until 1659. At some point during this time he appaently anglicised his name to 'John Kennet, however there is no documentary evidence that he ever used this name himself. When parliamentary forces took control of Hounslow in 1642, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, he was one of the small number of bladesmiths who remained and worked for the Parliamentary forces.

For information on 'Kennet' and other blades signed by him in the Royal Armouries, and other collections, entry for IX.1318 (under Notes).