Object Title

Armour

Armour

Date

1505-1515

Object Number

II.135

Provenance

Bought from Paris in 1816. Transferred from the Rotunda Museum of Artillery, Woolwich, in 1927

Physical Description

Composed of parts of at least three armours of the same date and nationality. Consisting of close helmet, gorget, breastplate, backplate, tassets pauldrons, vambrace, gauntlets, cuisses, poleyns, greaves and sabatons.

Dimensions

Weight: kg ( 48 lb 9 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

None

Associations

Places France

Bibliographic References

A.R. Dufty and W. Reid, European Armour in the Tower of London, 1968, plate XVII.

Notes

Paris, Musee de l'Armee, G 131 matches the decoration of the helmet etc. of II.135 precisely. It consists of gorget, cavalry cuirass, tassets each of six lames with extensions of two lames each, spaudler fronted pauldrons, arms and gauntlets; S.W. Pyhrr (letter of 21.VII. 1977) reports a left spaudler-type pauldron in the Stibbert, Lensi 2428.


For many years the armour No.135 has been ascribed to the ownership pf Chevalier Bayard (Pierre du Terrail, Seigniur de Bayard, 1473?-1524), the ascription beng probably based on a statement of Sir Samuel Meytick in his Ancient Armour, vol II: 242, note.


The complete list of the items taken from Paris in 1816 by the then Curator of hte Musee d'Artillerie, E. Regnier, When protesting about the loss, includes two armours, one ascribed to the Duc d'Uzes, the other to a prince de Valois, the name of Bayard not being mentioned. No part of armour No.135 can have belonged to the Duc d'UzÙs (Jazques de Crussol, 1st Duke, 1540-1595), while there were many members of the French royal family who bould have been known as Prince de Valois.


The British list, TNA, WO 44/616, does not include any named armour at all and in fact only includes a single armour: 'A suit of Knights armour, with helmet and shield'. Presumably, therefore, the other armour was taken by the Prussians. The first reference to there being an armour of Bayard's among the trophies was in 1822 when Mrs Arbuthnot records in her journal attending a great breakfast at Woolwich, on 5th July, given by the Duke of Wellington for the Duke of York. '.... among the rest the armour of Bayard, ...' (F. Bamford and Duke of Welllington, The Journal of Mrs Arbuthnot, 1820-32, London 1950: 175)