Object Title

Sword (shashka) and scabbard

Sword (shashka) and scabbard

Date

1855

Object Number

XXVIS.113

Provenance

Purchased July 1956.

Physical Description

The blade is curved and single edged except for a short section near the point. A broad fuller runs from the forte near the back that divides into two narrower fullers that terminate at different lengths. At the forte, partially obscured by the hilt is a gilded mark of a crown above a square with a name in Cyrillic. The surface of the blade has been lightly etched to look like damascus steel. The hilt is of silver, of typical shashka form with no guard and a beaked pommel divided by a deep V shaped cleft. The surface is broken up by two raised bands. The entire surface, like the scabbard mounts, is chiselled with flowers and foliage on a granulated ground. The surface of the ground, and borders, has been covered with gold foil. The scabbard is of wood covered with black, slightly textured leather, fitted with a chape, locket and suspension band decorated like the hilt. The latter has a small loop attached to the back and carries a series of Russian silver and maker's marks.

Dimensions

Dimensions: The length of the blade is 840 mm, the hilt being 151 mm and the length of the scabbard being 889 mm. Weight: The weight of the sword is 0.85 kg, the scabbard being 0.45 kg.

Component parts

Inscriptions and Marks

The blade is marked by the maker at the forte. This consists of a crown above the name M?F?CZ in a square. The scabbard mount is stamped with 5 marks: The date 1855, what appears to be St. George above 1855, The letters EB, the No 84 and a further two letters, possibly DT.

Associations

Notes

Double number with IX.1003. See Mollo Eugene, Russian Military Swords: 1801 - 1917 (1969) p. 42 - 44. and Lebedynsky Laroslav, Les Armes Cosaques et Caucasiennes. The silver marks are confusing. According to Izdatel S, Russia Zolotoe I Serebkyanoe Delo XV - XX C, 1967, Moscow, The makers mark EB but with a dot between the letters was that used by Borovshchikov Evgraf who worked in St. Petersburg 1772 - 1783. This mark has no dot and seems to have been an unrecorded successor. The St George mark is similar to that used in Moscow but with the rider reversed. The mark DT is very badly struck and may not be correctly read