Object Title

Rapier

Rapier

Date

1571-1599

Object Number

IX.2086

Provenance

Bequeathed by J. B. P. Young, 1980

Physical Description

Iron hilt, a variation of Norman Type 52. Longitudinally fluted pommel on a short stand with replacement tang-button. The knuckle-guard and rear qulllon, the latter inclined towards the blade, support the arms of the hilt, the ends of which are joined on the outside of the hand by an open side-ring at right angles to the plane of the blade. The latter may originally have contained a small plate. The centre of the knuckle-guard is linked to the rerar arm, near its end, by a loopguard. On the inside of the hand, the transverse guard linking the end of the knuckle-guard and the ends of the arms, divides into three, that nearest the pommel being a replacement.. The end of the knuckle-guard pegs into the pommel and is secured by a square-headed screw. The shield-shaped quillon block extends slightly over the blade, and is decorated on the outside with a scroll, and on the inside by a continuation of the blade's fuller. The bars are of asymmetrical section, with a central rib on the outer side, and have small knobs at their centres. Replacement wooden grip with ferrula and shaped leather buff-piece at either end. Repairs are evident to many of the bars.


Staright ntwo-edged blade of flattened diamond section with long ricasso and narrow central fuller extending 11 1/2 in. from the hilt. The final 11 1/2 in. of the blade is of oval section and has been added tom the original blade.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Length overall: 1265 mm (48 3/4 in.), Length of blade: 1110 mm (43 3/4 in.), Max. width of hilt: 150 mm (5 7/8 in.) Weight: 1085 g (2 lb 6 oz)

Inscriptions and Marks

On blade, on ricasso, once on each side: an indecipherable mark.On blade, on inside, a stylized running wolf, inlaid in copper alloy.

Associations

Bibliographic References

G.M. Wilson, 'Notes on some early basket-hilted swords', Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, XII, no. 1, March 1986, pp. 1-19, Pls I-XII, at p. 14 [INF. NOT YET EXTRACTED].

Notes

Hilt generally similar to IX.1018 (blade dated 1597) and IX.1494 (found on the Thames foreshore).
An X-ray of the hilt done by Dr David Starley in February 2007 (Job Code AM 2029 - copy of report on inv. file), mainly to see if there were any marks visible on the tang, revealed nothing not normally visible, except a thin wire wound round the wooden grip, beneath the ferrule nearest the blade - probably the remains of the original grip covereing. (PJL, 11/04/07)