Object Title

Flail (cumberjung)

Flail (cumberjung)



Object Number



Purchased Christies 9 April 1863. From the Codrington collection.

Physical Description

The weapon consists of a wooden grip, plain in the centre and turned with mouldings on either side. At each end is an iron cap carrying a ring through which are fastened brass chains. The chains terminate in shaped iron plates, split and riveted to sharpened discs or quoits. On either face of each quoit is a padded hemisphere covered with knotted thread in concentric bands of white, faded red and blue.


Dimensions: The length of the central bar is 468 mm, each chain is 379 mm long and the diameter of the quoits is 140 mm. Weight: The weight of the flail is 1.055 kg.

Inscriptions and Marks



Bibliographic References

J. Hewitt, addendum to the Official catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1865, no. Ad.356, p. 12.

W. Egerton, An illustrated handbook of Indian arms, London, 1880, no. 63.

Viscount Dillon, Illustrated guide to the Armouries, London, 1910, no. xv.411, p. 34.

M Harrison, 'Two lesser known weapons from the Tower', The 47th London Arms Fair, London, 1991: 20-23, pl. 2

Dorling Kindersley, Weapon. A visual history of arms & armour, Dorling Kindersley Ltd, London, 2006, p. 143

Thom Richardson, An introduction to Indian arms and armour, Leeds, Royal Armouries, 2007: 35


Described by Codrington as 'used by the people of Gujerat'. Mark Harrison does not seem aware in his paper of the Codrington provenance.