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Object Title

Sword and scabbard

Sword and scabbard

Date

1805

Object Number

IX.909

Provenance

Bequeathed by Sir Bernard Eckstein, Bart., 1948. See also (BC April 2020) Extracted from May & Annis Swords for Sea Service vol I (HMSO, 1970) p.111-112 Vice-Admiral Cuthbert, Baron Collingwood of Caldburne & Hethpoole died at sea 7 March 1807. His will dated 29 July 1806, proved 14 July 1810, left all his medals received from the king and all swords and plate presented to him by corporate bodies to his wife – not to be separated or divided as long as any of his family remained. On the death of his wife they were to go to his eldest daughter and to descend to her heirs; should this fail, then to his younger daughter and her heirs. (No mention of his mother swords, which were presumably included in the furniture and fittings at Morpeth and thus left to his wife). Lady C died 17 September 1819, and her will (dated 11 March 1818) was proved 2 November 1819. No mention of any swords. Lord C’s eldest daughter Sarah married George Lewis Newnham 9d. 1838) and they subsequently took the name Collingwood. Sarah’s will dated 12 May 1846 left 6 swords to her bro in law Wm. Newnham and her 1st cousin Edward John Collingwood in trust for her daughter Mrs Hall. Should Mrs Hall die without descendants, the swords to pass to Collingwood Denny (son of Sarah’s sister, Mary Patience, Mrs Anthony Denny m. 18 September 1823). These swords listed as: 1. Pres by City of London 2. Pres by Corporation of Liverpool 3. Pres by Dke of Clarence 4. Surrendered by Spanish V- Adml Alava 5. Surrendered by Spanish R-Adml Don Ballaga Hidalgo Cisneros 6. Surrendered by French Adml Villeneuve Mrs SN Hall signed a receipt for these swords + 4 others 10 December 1852. Mrs Hall later remarried dying in 1872. The 6 swords passed to Collingwood Denny – he lent them to the Royal Naval Exhibition of 1891 (ix.909 cat no. 2660?) and then sent them to Christie’s Sale 11,July 1899. The City of London and Liverpool swords purchased by Lady Meux for £240 and £160, and she sold them at a Red Cross Sale during FWW. Liverpool sword disappears, but ix.909 came into the possession of Sir Bernard Eckstein, who gave it ToL in 1948.

Physical Description

Hilt: of gold, chased with wreaths and trophies, the grip set on either side with dark blue enamel plaques bearing the arms of Lord Collingwood and of the City of London, each plaque with a border of diamonds set in dark blue enamel.
The knuckle guard carries the following inscriptions in diamonds against a blue enamel ground:
on the outer face;
ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN TO DO HIS DUTY
and on the inner face;
TRAFALGAR
On either side of the pommel is a plaque enamelled with trophies in colour.
The single solid oval shell guard carries the following engraved inscription on the face adjacent to the blade:
PRESENTED BY THE
Corporation of the City of London
pursuant to a Vote of Common Council
Passed the 26th Novr. 1805
The Right Honble James Shaw Mayor
to Vice Admiral LORD COLLINGWOOD
for the brilliant & decisive Victory
obtained by his Majesty's Fleet
under his Command (upon whom it devolved
upon the ever to be lamented Death
of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson)
over the Combined Fleets of France and Spain
off Cape Trafalgar, on the 21st October 1805
Thereby affording to the World at Large
an additional & lasting proof
of British Valour


Blade: plain, of hollow triangular section.


Scabbard: covered with shagreen and having gold mounts, the locket being signed
Thos. Harper
207
Fleet St.
LONDON

Featured in

Dimensions

Dimensions: Sword: overall length: 1016 mm (40 in.), blade length: 842 mm (33.2 in.), Scabbard: 850 mm (33.5 in.) Weight: Sword: 13 oz., Scabbard: 3 oz.

Component parts

Inscriptions and Marks

The following hallmarks are present:5On the rear quillon, inside:12- duty mark.12- crowned leopard's head (London town mark).12'L' in a square shield (the London date lettter for 1806-7).12- a crown and 18 (separate marks - together indicating 18 carat gold standard).5On the oval shell-guard, on side towards the blade, the faint remains of another set of marks; the following are visible:12- JR above JM in a rectangle (not compltelely legible; maker's mark of John Ray and James Montague).12- a crown and 18 (separate marks - gold standard, as above).5- Near the top of the grip, IN/OUTside:12- a crown and 18 (separate marks - gold standard, as above but smaller sized marks).5On the scabbard, top locket, on inside:12- JR above JM in a rectangle (not compltelely legible; maker's mark of John Ray and James Montague).12- a crown and 18 (separate marks - gold standard, as above).5On the scabbard, mid-locket, on inside:a crown and 18 (se

Bibliographic References

C. Blair, Three Presentation Swords in the Victoria and Albert Museum and a group of English enamels, Victoria and Albert Museum Brochure, No. 1, London, 1972, p. 51.

A.R. Dufty and A. Borg, European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974, pp. 27-8, pl. 65 (col. - gen view and det. of hilt).

D.B.Spalding, 'London Naval Swords of Honour 1797 - 1816', Art, Arms and Armour, I (ed. R. Held), Chiasso, 1979, pp. 418-439, at pp. 427-8, fig. 13.

A.V.B. Norman and G.M. Wilson, Treasures from the Tower of London, [Norwich], 1982, pp. 57-8, no. 37 (illus. - det. of shell-guard with insrc.) & col. pl. XXIII (det. of hilt).

P. Hammond, Royal Armouries Official Guide, 2nd (rev'd) edn, London, 1993, p. 51 left (col. ill., sword only, hilt and top blade - [no date given]).

T. Richardson and G. Rimer, Treasures from the Tower in the Kremlin, Moscow, 1997, cat. no. 45, pp. 120-123 (col. illus. - gen. view; det. of shell-guard with inscr; det. of hilt), 190 (b. & w. illus. - det. of hilt, as before, but smaller).

L Southwick, 'The recipients, goldsmiths and costs of the swords presented by the Corporation of the City of London', Journal of the Arms and Armour Society, 13.3, 1990, p 179 and pl LXVI.

L.Southwick, 'New facts about James Morriset and a revised list of his known works, with others by his successors John Ray and James Montague', Journal Arms and Armour Society, XV no. 6 (Sept 1997), pp.313-350, at p.339, No. 52.

Royal Armouries, Royal Armouries Museum [souvenir guide], Royal Armouries, Leeds, 2000, p. 23 (illus., hilt and base of blade only).

L Southwick, London silver-hilted swords, their makers, suppliers and allied traders, with directory, Leeds, Royal Armouries, 2001: col. pl. 20 (hilt and base of blade only). INF. ON MAKER NOT YET FULLY EXTRACTED.

Royal Armouries, Royal Armouries Museum [Leeds]. Souvenir guide, Royal Armouries, Leeds etc. [2006], p. 46 (hilt and base of blade, no caption or inv. no.).

Notes

Cuthbert Collingwood was born in 1750 and entered the Royal navy at the age of 11. He became a midshipman in 1766 and promoted Lieutenant in 1775. He served on shore at the battle of Bunker Hill. In 1779 he became Commander and was made up to Captain in 1780. He served as Flag captain to Rear Admiral Bowyer in Howe's action and commanded HMS Excellent in the battle offCape St Vincent. In 1799 he became a Rear Admiral and in 1804, Vice Admiral and in this capacity served as second in command to nelson at Trafalgar. As a result of his services he was raised to the peerage with a pension of £2000 per annum.He continued to command the Mediterranean fleet until his death on 7th march, 1810 at the age of 60. His body was returned home and was interred in the crypt of St Paul's cathedral.D.B.Spalding, 'London Naval Swords of Honour 1797 - 1816', 'Art, Arms and Armour', I (ed. R. Held), Chiasso, 1979, pp. 418-439, at pp. 427-8, fig. 13.The sword was supposedly presented to Lord Collingwood's widow on 27th June, 1810, as he had not returned to England to receive it in person before he died at sea in that year. However, a portrait by Giuseppi Politi of Syracuse, painted in 1807 and in a private collection in Cumbria (at 1987). The portrait, which was reproduced as a mezzotint by Charles Turner in the same year, and shows Collingwood with a sword remarkably similar to this one (mezzotint publ: 'Catalogue of Regency Portraits', National Portrait Gallery, I, p. 122, II, pl. 277; Spalding 1979, fig. 12; P. Haythornthwaite and W. Younghusband, 'Nelson's Navy', Osprey Military: Elite Series, London, 1993, p. 21; the National Maritime Museum also have three impressions - see Inv. File for details, NMM neg. no. A9137, print on Inv. File). Bridget Clifford notes (c. 1997) that another portrait in the NPG (no. 1496), by Henry Howard, 1828, also based on Politi's portrait, shows Collingwood with his left hand on his chin: the original portrait should be checked to see which of the copies is more accurate.
The maker's mark is be that of John Ray and James Montague, 22, Denmark Street, London. Thos. Harper who retailed the sword was paid £211.1s.0d. by the City of London. (A. Grimwade, 'London Goldsmiths...', 1st edn, London 1976, pp. 536-7). INF. FROM SOUTHWICK 2001 STILL TO BE ENTERED.
See also Southwick 1997 (under Publications - copy on inv. file).
The Royal Armouries colour photo reproduced in Dufty & Brk 1974 (Pl. 65) and Southwick 2001 (P. 20) show the grip the opposite way round from the way it is currently mounted (at 12 April 2006), i,e, with Collingwood's arms inside the hand and the arms of the City of London outside the hand. Other photographs have not yet been investigated. (PJL)

Thumbnail image of Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper. IX.909
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper. IX.909
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper. IX.909
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper. IX.909
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Sword and scabbard Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper.
Thumbnail image of Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper. IX.909
Thumbnail image of Small sword and scabbard. Presentation sword to Lord Collingwood from Corporation of the City of London, inscription giving the date 26.11.1805, hallmark with date letter for 1806/7; hilt and scabbard fittings by John Ray and James Montague; retailed by Thomas Harper. IX.909