Object Title

Sabre and scabbard

Sabre and scabbard

Date

1800-1830

Object Number

IX.1095

Provenance

Ex R.U.S.I.

Physical Description

Hilt: Brass, with stirrup hilt. The cap pommel is extended in its rear to form a full backstrap to the grip and and the tip of which is secured under a grip ferrule. The knuckle guard is of plain, oval section, the upper third curving in a quadrant to meet the pommel. Two blunt pointed convex langets are fitted at the centre of the cross guard and the straight rear quillon terminates in a tiered finial. The grip is of wood covered with leather and bound with double stranded twisted brass wire.


Blade: curved, single edged with rounded point and having a single wide fuller on each side. It is blued for approximately half its length and inscribed in the fuller on the outer face
'GARDE IMPERIALE'
and on the inner fuller
'DU ROI DE ROME'. A leather buff piece is fitted beneath the hilt.


scabbard : of brass, fitted with two narrow transverse bands carrying suspension rings, a mouthpiece and a shoe. the shoe has a barb-like flourish at each end.

Dimensions

Dimensions: Sword: overall length: 597 mm (23.5 in); blade length: 505 mm (19.9 in), Scabbard: 521 mm (20.5 in) Weight: Sword: 240 g (8.5 oz); Scabbard: 255 g (9 oz)

Component parts

Bibliographic References

anon., 'The Knight is Young' [feature on the Royal Armouries's exhibition of that name], The Armourer, no. 54, Nov./Dec. 2002, p. 23 (illus.).

Royal Armouries, An introduction to princely armours and weapons of childhood (authors: B Clifford and K Watts), Leeds, Royal Armouries, 2003, p. 35 (illus. - full length).

Notes

Commander Lachouque of Paris supplied the following information in 1954 (see letter on file):
In 1814 Le Sieur Goubaud, a former Captain in the Light Infantry and teacher of art at the Lycee Bonaparte, proposed the creation of the Garde Du Roi de Rome, a Corps of Lanciers a pied of five companies of 100 men. It was to be formed of 16 year olds from the four Paris Lycees, with officers from the teaching staff. Among their equipment was to be a 'sabre porte au ceinturon'. The Minister of the Interior was instructed to look into the suggestion, but we do not know if any action was taken. The sword itself seems rather small for 16 year old boys.
See correspondence in inventory file with a private collector who had recently purchased a similar sword.