Object Title

Wheellock Muzzle loader holster pistol - By Christoph Trechsler

Wheellock Muzzle loader holster pistol - By Christoph Trechsler


about 1610

Object Number



From the Norton Hall Collection. Presented by the National Art-Collections Fund, 1942. Formally in the collection of Beriah Botfield (1807 - 1863) at Norton Hall, Northamptonshire. This collection would appear to have been formed in the 1840's. Norton Hall was acquired by Beriah Botfield's grandfather (who died in 1801), Thomas Botfield acquired it from the descendants of Nicholas Breton. Beriah Botfield restored Norton Hall to its former glories. The collection was finally purchased, with the aid of the National Art-Collections Fund, for the nation from Lady Beatrice Thynne on the occasion of her death in 1942. The full sum paid for the collection would appear to have been £2,650. The purchase was negotiated with Lady Weymouth who was acting as attorney for Lord Weymouth (who was away on active service), who was tenant-for-life of the property (the collection had been settled on Lord Weymouth for life).

Physical Description

The gun is undated but was probably stocked by Hans Frost or Hans Fleischer (HF), stock makers of Dresden. Octagonal at the breech with the three “V” shaped flutes at the change of section. The breach bears the initials and mark of the maker Simon Helbig and is not dated 1610. A design of scrollwork executed with a punch. Muzzle slightly flared and finished with a convex chamfer. Lock with wheel case of glit brass engraved with birds and foliage. The lockplate is blued with narrow bright borders. Stock fluted, pear-shaped butt with finial of gilt brass. The stock is decorated with inlays of stag-horn; on the grip a lion’s mask, by the lockscrews a snail and a dolphin. By thebreech-strap are the arms of Saxony and Denmark as well as the initials of the stockmaker, probably Hans Frost or Hans Fleisher both of Dresden. Gilt steel trigger-guard fitted with a curved trigger-spring. The number 7 is incised by the ramrod socket.


BarrelLength18.7 in
BarrelLength476 mm
OverallLength29 in
OverallLength737 mm


Serial Number 7?


.580 in (25 bore)

Inscriptions and Marks

Serial number
coat of arms
Arms of Saxony and Denmark
Breech strap
Stockmaker's initials
Breech strap
Maker's mark

Bibliographic References

Graeme Rimer, Wheellock Firearms of the Royal Armouries, Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, 2001. p.45, colour ill.


Similar to XII.1254 and almost identical, the barrel bears no initials and mark of maker Simon Helbig and is not dated unlike the other.