Object Title

Flintlock breech-loading magazine pistol - Lorenzoni System

Flintlock breech-loading magazine pistol - Lorenzoni System

Date

1780

Object Number

XII.3835

Provenance

Purchased at auction from Sotheby's, 13th May 1975, lot 168

Physical Description

Back action lock with flat copper alloy lockplate inscribed GRICE in a scroll surrounded by scrolling foliage. Swan neck cock of browned steel engraved with some scroll work. Copper alloy pan, the floor of which forms part of the revolving cylindrical breech block and transports the priming powder from the priming magazine (the cover of which is broken off forward to the pan). The breech block also contains a powder chamber with a cross bar to prevent it picking up a ball, and a ball recess, which transport powder and ball from the magazines in the butt to the breech of the barrel. The block is rotated by means of a browned steel leer on the left side of the gun.

Walnut butt inlaid in silver wire with floral scrolls and a trophy of arms in sheet silver with small flowers. Oval silver escutcheon, surmounted by a Royal crown, bears the initials EML in what seems to be a mid 19th century script. Spurred butt cap cast and chased with leaves.

Copper alloy frame, in one with the barrel, engraved with flowers, scrolls and pendant swags. On the left is a hinged plate, secured by a spring catch and giving access to the ball magazine (above) and the powder magazine (below). In the top of frame, above the breech block, is a round inspection hole, scooped at back and front as a sight, and in the bottom of the frame a smaller round hole, possibly for clearing out powder.

Brass barrel of cannon form with a round moulded muzzle and an octagonal breech inscribed with a scroll LONDON.

Techniques

Wood carving

Materials

Dimensions

OverallLength13.2in.
OverallLength335mm
OverallWeight1.04kg
OverallWeight2.3lb
BarrelLength5.49in.
BarrelLength139mm

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number nvn

Calibre

.459 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Owner's mark
Initials EML in what seems to be a mid 19th century script.
Escutcheon
Engraving
Maker's mark
The butt is stamped (underneath the finial) with two silver marks. One unrecognisable, the other S.I. or S.L. in a shield. If the latter, it is probably the mark of Samuel Littlewood, 9 Lombard Street, London, whose mark was entered in the Smallworkers’ book of the Goldsmiths Company 24 Jan 1772. He is shown in the Parliamentary Report of 1773 as a goldsmith of Lombard Street.>
Butt
Stamping
Maker's mark
The word LONDON in a scroll.
On octagonal breech
Engraving

Associations