Object Title

Sword

Sword

Date

1400-1499

Object Number

IX.2149

Provenance

Purchased from the collection of the late Sir James G. Mann, 1981 (formerly on loan to the Royal Armouries as AL.23 97). For possible earlier provenance see Notes

Physical Description

Hilt of iron consiting of a pear-shaped pommel (Oakeshott 1991 Type T5, facetted), octagonal in section and with hollow facets on top, and a pair of straight quillons of rectangular section flattened in the plane of the blade and curved towards the blade at the ends (Oakeshott type 4). The tang is covered in a modern wooden grip.


'Straight' two-edged blade of flattened diamond section, now rounded at the tip (Oakeshott 1991 Type XVIIIa), now slightly curved approximately in the plane of the blade.


The whole is heavily corroded and has a patina suggesting that the sword comes from a river. Any mark which may be on the blade is concealed by the corrosion products.

Featured in

Hundred Years War

Dimensions

Dimensions: Overall length: 1070 mm (42 in.), Blade length (slightly shortened): 833 mm (32.8 in.), Weight: 3 lb 6 oz.

Inscriptions and Marks

No visible marks

Bibliographic References

R. E. Oakeshott, The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, London, revised edn., London etc., 1981, Pl. 33A (c.1400).

[R.] E. Oakeshott, Records of the medieval sword, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1991, p. 187 (Type XVIIIa, no. 2)

L Syson and D Gordon, Pisanello: painter to the renaissance court, London, National Gallery Company, 2001, p. 258, no. 27 - 'Italian'.

Notes

The typed inventory entry contained the following note (based on Oakeshott 1964):
'In his illustration caption Oakeshott dates the sword to about 1400 and says it is typical of English effigies and brasses of between 1370-1425. He also states that the pommel is his Type 4 [whereas it appears to be] his Type 5 [which he dates] to about 1500 or later. He classifies the blade as Type XVIIIb which he calls German about 1450-1520, in fact it is closer to his Type XVIIIc which he calls Italian, but gives no dates.
In his 1991 publication Oakeshott has removed types XVIII b-e which appeared in his 1964 book. His dating of the present sword is revised to c.1400-40.
According to Oakeshott 1991 this sword was formerly in the Dacre Edwards collection (no source or reference given).