Object Title

Percussion muzzle-loading rifle musket - Springfield Model 1855

Percussion muzzle-loading rifle musket - Springfield Model 1855

Date

about 1857

Object Number

XII.709

Provenance

Transferred from the Royal Smallarms Factory, Enfield, as being a duplicate of American firearms. Between 1860 and 1865.

Physical Description

Model 1855 Rifle Musket, with Bayonet. This rifle is a duplicate of XII.2398 except for being bright finished, and the stock being somewhat more dented &c. XII.2398 is blued overall, and the finish appears old, but there is no evidence in Fuller or Gluckman to indicate that this blued finish is original. It may have been done in England after the receipt of the rifle. The top of the breech on XII.2398 is stamped with a small 2, and this rifle bears a number 3 in the same die style. Calibre = .58, rifled with 3 rectangular grooves making 1 turn in six feet, progressively rifled: .005 in. at the muzzle increasing to .015 at the breech.

Techniques

Stamped

Materials

Dimensions

BarrelLength40 in.
BarrelLength1016 mm
OverallLength56 in.
OverallLength142.3 mm
OverallWeight4.18 kg
OverallWeight9.2 lb

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number None visible

Calibre

.58 in

Inscriptions and Marks

Date
1857
Lockplate and Top of Breech
Stamped
Manufacturer
Eagle holding a plant
Lockplate
Engraved
Manufacturer
U.S. SPRINGFIELD
Lockplate
Engraved
Proof mark
V over P over unclear mark
Left Breech
Stamped

Associations

Bibliographic References

J. Hewitt, addendum to the Official catalogue of the Tower Armouries, London, 1865, p.13

Notes

This example gives a more accurate impression of the arm is issued to United States troops in the 1856-62 period, than the refinished example.