Object Title

Flintlock military carbine - Model 1827

Flintlock military carbine - Model 1827

Date

1827

Object Number

XII.207

Provenance

Presented to the Tower Armouries by Nicholas I, in exchange for a similar set of British weapons, c. 1835.

Physical Description

With sword bayonet.
Rifled with 24 hairline grooves making 1.25 in turns (one turn in 22 ins) in the barrel.
The lock is a copy of the French model 1777/02 and is very well finished. The tail of the plate is stamped with a small crowned M and ahead of the cock is stamped the Cyrillic abbreviation for Sestoretsk, a cross and 1827.
Stocked to the muzzle, the barrel retained by two brass bands. The upper band is double-strapped with a scalloped cut-out between the straps. This band is closed at the front and acts as fore-end cap. The rear strap is twice the width of the front strap and on the right side is mounted an iron bar, round in section, upon which the bayonet hilt is mounted. The band is held by a brass screw on its underside, into the fore-end. The lower band is contoured to the barrel and has the upper sling loop screwed through a stud on its underside. It is held by a spring ahead of the band. The two-piece brass trigger guard is of the French model 1777 pattern, but the iron stud through the front finial on which the lowersling loop is usually mounted has been ground down and rounded, the lower loop, now missing, was screwed into the underside of the butt 4 ins from the toe. The rear finial of the guard has the usual finger grips. A single set trigger is fitted with externally adjustable tension screw immediately behind the finger piece of the trigger. The brass buttplate is of the French pattern. A buttrap in the right side of the butt is covered with a rounded sliding wooden cover and the trap contains a worm, ball screw and jag. The top of the small has a brass oval inlaid, upon which is the crowned cypher of Nicholas I. The left side of the butt has a raised cheekrest. The brass sideplate is rounded and of the usual French S pattern. The iron ramrod has a brass button head and throat. The wooden brass headed tompion is in position. The birch stock has been deeply stained.
The barrel is fitted with a break-off breech and is octagonal for 8.875 ins from the breech, then 16 sided, baluster turned, to the muzzle. The left flat is dated 1827 with an inspection mark; the top flat has a small Imperial Eagle and Sestoretsk mark, the right flat the Sestoretsk arrow mark. The standing breech has a plain round-ended tang. The muzzle is slightly countersunk. The foresight is a brass blade on the rear strap of the upper band. The backsight is a notched block with two leaves hinged forward and an ornamental finial extending forward, dovetailed into the barrel 7 ins from the breech

Dimensions

OverallLength1130mm
BarrelLength724mm

Calibre

.58 in

Associations

Places Russia

Notes

(Formerly XXIV.615) This is one of a set of Russian arms presented to the Tower Armouries as part of an exchange. Despite the mis-leading designation (which varies but always stipulates Finnish) this is the equivalent of the military Jager rifle of the period.