Object Title

Sword and scabbard

Sword and scabbard



Object Number



Acquired 1954.

Physical Description

Hilt about 1660, blade about 1730. Iron hilt (Norman type 105) chiselled in the round in the form of three dragons, the largest forming the grip, the others forming the short quillons. Below an Úcuson formed by two grotesque masks is a small flat guard inscribed: 'Carlo Botarello. fecit and Briscie'.

The straight two-edged blade is etched and gilt with with the Royal Arms as borne from 1714-1801 (including George II from 1727-1760) and 'Vivat / Georg II / Rex Britanie' on each face.

Tooled black leather scabbard with steel chape.


Dimensions: Sword: Overall length: 561 mm (22.1 in), blade length: 429 mm (16.9 in), blade width: 29 mm (1.5 in), Scabbard: length: 455 mm (17.9 in) Weight: Sword: 0 lb 13 oz, Scabbard: 0 lb 2 oz

Component parts


Bibliographic References

A.R. Dufty and A. Borg, European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974, p. 27 and Pl. 61b (hilt).

A.V.B. Norman (and C.M. Barne), The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820, London etc., 1980, pp. 153, 335.

The Royal Armouries Oficial Guide, 2nd (rev'd) edn, 1993, p. 7, right (col. ill, sword only lacks c. last third of blade - 'the blade English, about 1750, the hilt Italian, about 1600').

Royal Armouries, Royal Armouries Museum [Leeds]. Souvenir guide, Royal Armouries, Leeds etc. [2006], p. 60, illus. (gen. view, hilt and top half of blade - 'hltItalian about 1660, blade English, about 1730').

C. Paggiarino, The Royal Armouries, masterpieces of medieval and renaissance arms and armour, Milan, 2011 volume 2


For Barlo Botarello (1620-1680) see A. Gaibi, 'Te armi da picco', 'Storia de Brescia', III, xv, p. 883 (from IBE, not in RA Library). He was probably one of the specialists who decorated ready-made hilts, as described by Giovanni da Lezze (Norman 1980, 'op. cit'., p. 335).
Other works by the same maker: a signed stiletto hilt in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum, Milan, inv. no. 2250 (Gaibi DATE, 'op. cit' - CHK & COMPL; Norman, 'op. cit'., p. 335); another in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, acc. no. 26.145.143] (Bashford Dean, 'Catalogue of European Daggers in the Metropolitan Museum of Art', New York, 1929, no. 230, Pl. LXVI, stated to have been fished out of canal in Venice; Norman, 'op. cit'., p. 335); the locks of two firearms in the Royal Armoury at Turi, nos N.41, 42, dated 1665 and 1666, with barrels by G.B. Francino (IBE and Norman, 'op. cit'., p. 335); a detached lockplate in the Victoria and Albert Museum bearing portraits of the Emperor Leopold and his consort, Eleonora Magdalene of Pfalz-Neuberg, whom he married in 1676 (Norman, 'op. cit'., p. 335 citing J.F. Hayward, 'The Art of the Gunmaker', II, London, 1963, p. 136); the lock of a carbine in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, acc. no. 49.163.5 - ex Stuyvesant Collection (IBE).