Object Title

Flintlock revolver gun - Collier or Wheeler patent.

Flintlock revolver gun - Collier or Wheeler patent.

Date

about 1820

Object Number

XII.1503

Provenance

Purchased 1950. From the collection of Mr. J.N. George.

Physical Description

Sporting gun half-stocked configuration with chequered wrist having small silver escutcheon plate. Round barrel with brass blade front sight secured to lock via dorsal top strap (with gutter type rear sight) and ventral cylinder axis pin housing, both screwed in place. Trigger guard separate to bottom strap of lock and engraved with a trophy of arms. Foliate engraved semi-box lock with single sidenail and offset internally mounted cock. Chambers brazed together to form a cylinder, rotating within a short brass flash shield. Rammer missing. Internal mechanism as per Collier's 1818 patent with ratchet on rear of cylinder and 'catch bolt' inside lock intended to automatically pull the cylinder out of engagement with the barrel when cocked and allow it to rotate under spring pressure (said spring having been removed on this and other early examples). Magazine type frizzen for automatic dispensing of priming powder into pan when closed.

Techniques

Engraving

Materials

Dimensions

BarrelLength25.7 in
BarrelLength654 mm
OverallLength46.9 in
OverallLength1191 mm
OverallWeight4.56 kg
OverallWeight10.13 lb

Firearms/Artillery

Serial Number 4

Calibre

14 bore

Inscriptions and Marks

Makers Marks
'E.H. Collier Patent' & 'No.4'
Lock
Engraving

Associations

Notes

The Collier revolving system was the invention of Captain Artemus Wheeler of Concord, Massachusetts who obtained a patent in America in June, 1818. In November of the same year Elisha Collier, of Boston, Massachusetts took out patent no.4315 in England for the same design and weapons made on this principle are known by Collier's name, both guns and revolvers being made. 'Second Model' is terminology developed by Prof Ben Nicholson in his research on the type.