Written instructions to Samuel Lines for the engraving of Lloyd's Patriotic Fund swords

Object Title

Written instructions to Samuel Lines for the engraving of Lloyd's Patriotic Fund swords

Written instructions to Samuel Lines for the engraving of Lloyd's Patriotic Fund swords

Date

c. 1805 - c 1809

Reference

LINE 1

Level

File

Scope and Content

'Original copy of inscriptions written in gold on highly decorated swords from 50 to 200 Gs each, presented by the Managers of the Patriotic Fund at Lloyds to meritorious commanders and officers of the Army and Navy, 1805-6-7-8-9'

Extent

1 volume

Physical Characteristics / Technical Requirements

Pasted into an album

Access Conditions

Open access

Administrative / Biographical History

Samuel Lines (1778-1863) was a designer and art teacher, born at Allesley, near Coventry, where his mother was mistress of a boarding school. On his mother's death in his boyhood he was placed in the charge of an uncle, a farmer, who employed him in agricultural work. Lines, however, managed to teach himself the rudiments of drawing and painting, and in 1794 he was apprenticed to Mr Keeling, a clock-dial enameller and decorator of Birmingham, for whom he worked as designer. He was employed in a similar capacity by Mr Clay, a papier mâché maker, and also by the die-engravers Wyon and Halliday. Among other objects, he was frequently employed to design presentation shovels and swords of state, manufactured by Mr Gunby of Birmingham, a great amateur of art, with a fine private collection, and Gunby's gallery was freely open to Lines, as well as to his contemporary David Cox the elder.

In 1807 Lines began to teach drawing in Birmingham, using casts to draw from; he set up a school in Newhall Street, met with success, and was able to build himself a house in Temple Row West, where he resided for the remainder of his life. In 1809 Lines, with Moses Haughton the elder, Charles Barber, John Vincent Barber, and other artists established a life academy in Peck Lane, New Street, which moved in 1814 to larger premises in Union Passage. It was in this room that the first exhibition of the works of Birmingham artists was held in 1814. Lines took a large share in the foundation of the Birmingham School of Art in 1821, and on the subsequent foundation of the Birmingham society of Artists he was elected treasurer and curator, holding these offices until he reached the age of eighty, when he resigned, and was elected an honorary member.

Nearly all of the artists of the neighbourhood and many from other parts of the country received instruction in drawing at Line's academy. A good landscape painter himself, he possessed a gift for teaching others, and many of his pupils attained much excellence. He died at his home in Temple West Row, on 22 November 1863.